Depth counseling is the other factor that has greatly influenced and shaped my understanding on the practice of counseling. McCabe (2009), states that Sigmund Freud was the founder of the direction which later on came to be referred to as depth psychology. Depth counseling can be described as the psychological approach that tries to reveal the deeper aspects of the self. This aspect incorporates the conception of the presence of subconscious factors operating below the perception of everyday activities by an individual (McCabe, 2009).
A number of ways can be utilized to bring forth all the features stored in that barely perceptible realm. This is a beneficial factor to the person undergoing counseling due to the fact that an individual may experience emotional pain as a result of the shadowy self without him/her knowing exactly why. Approaches to training professionals on depth psychology are based on Freud’s theoretical orientations (McCabe, 2009). However, types and modes of analysis can differ. Contemporary scientists as well as the teachings of Sigmund Freud favor psychoanalysis, which entails training on a specific issue.
Depth psychology involves discussion of the childhood, family unit, past experiences, thoughts and many other aspects that may give a clear picture of the past or true self in the present. Counselors may then connect the revelations of an individual about his/her life in order to generate a clear picture of deeper self (McCabe, 2009). Humanistic counseling, which offers clients an opportunity to explore self development, personal growth in addition to creativity, refers to counseling clients with a humanistic approach.
Humanistic counseling started in the 1950’s as a reaction to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis (The Counselors Guide, 2010). Humanistic counselors felt that psychoanalysis was too pessimistic and failed to take into account the role of personal choice. Humanistic counseling focused on the potential of an individual and put more emphasis on the significance of self-actualization and growth. The principles of humanistic counseling aim at providing clients with a deeper comprehension of who they are, their feelings, as well as opportunities to explore the likelihood of developing personal choices (The Counselors Guide, 2010).
Humanistic counseling provides a base where self-realization and self-awareness are enhanced. Humanistic counseling aims at establishing a base on which an individual can determine and control their psychological health status. Humanistic counseling, as indicated by The Counselors Guide (2010), made psychotherapy a formal and acceptable way through which individuals can assess their capacities and potential, by getting rid of stigma attached to therapy. Counselors, in the humanistic counseling profession, provide support to their clients to enable them feel free to investigate their whole life experience.
Humanistic counselors do not concentrate on specific problems, but focus on combining the past, the present and the future events with an aim of improving the psychological wellbeing of an individual (The Counselors Guide, 2010). Family therapy is another area in the filed of psychology, where individuals and family members learn numerous ways through which they can enhance their interaction with one another and find solutions to conflicts. Family therapy is usually recommended if one of the family members is suffering from a physical or mental incapacitating condition.
Practices in family therapy are carried out in accordance with the values, beliefs and personalities of family members. Execution of family therapy is also based on the illness or the psychological disturbance affecting the family (Allyn & Bacon Family Therapy, n. d. ). Family therapy is a significant contributor to the progress of a family member suffering from an adverse psychological condition. Changes in an individual, which culminate from family therapy, may directly or indirectly affect other family members.
Family therapy has long been considered an outcome of the unending elements of culture, philosophy and experience. It is usually referred to as a science of looking into interaction process with an aim of improving it. It provides families with a course of action which can lead them back to a normal and corporative family unit. Members of the family are able to understand and appreciate one another after undergoing family therapy (Allyn & Bacon Family Therapy, n. d. ). Reference:
Allyn & Bacon Family Therapy, (n. d. ). Family therapy, retrieved on August 2, 2010 from http://www. abacon. com/famtherapy/history. html Counselor Magazine, (2009). Is counseling an art or science? Retrieved on August 2, 2010 from http://www. counselormagazine. com/columns-mainmenu-55/44-clinical-supervision/257-counseling-as-art-and-science McCabe L. , (2009). Depth psychology, retrieved on August 2, 2010 from http://www. sonoma. edu/psychology/depth/program. html Mulhauser G. , (2010).
History of Counseling & Psychotherapy, retrieved on August 2, 2010 from http://counsellingresource. com/types/history/index. html Sexton T. , (1999). Evidence-based counseling: implication for counseling, practice, preparation, and professionalism, retrieved on August 2, 2010 from http://www. ericdigests. org/2000-3/evidence. htm The Counselors Guide, (2010). Humanistic Approach to Counseling, retrieved on August 2, 2010 from http://www. thecounsellorsguide. co. uk/humanistic-approach-counselling. html