Aerobic exercise has turned from an urban fad to the center of medical orthodoxy in the last 20 years. The market for fitness has increased from ? 682m in 1996, ? 1. 6bn in 2001 and is stable at ? 2. 5bn now. There are a huge number of people, around 5. 2 million, who have a membership of a private gym in the UK (Zoe 2011). After almost ten years of expansion, gyms and fitness centers has increased to a peak. Not only is this due to increased health-consciousness and concerns about appearance, but it is also driven by rising income levels.
In 2012, gyms and fitness clubs in the United Kingdom have signed up over about 19% of the adult population, around 8. 7 million gym members (SIC R93. 130 2012). Research in various countries has shown the benefits to people by having a good exercise habit. However, it is important to understand attitudes towards using the gym, as people now exercise indoors more often than outdoors. Working in a gym, is not a problem especially in the changeable weather of Glasgow (Michele 2006). Gyms can provide more than just swimming, fitness suites, exercise studios and changing rooms (GU sports center).
They can provide some other reasons to exercise besides appearance or health and also help you to create new relationships by interacting with others in a social environment Michele 2006) This research provides gym managers with an advantage as they are able to better understand and target their users. In the future, students could make up a large proportion of their new customers. The research is aimed at explaining the factors that influence the attitudes of students toward gym facilities. It also provides reader with knowledge of how to manage a gym. It will investigate the following research questions:
1. Does age or gender influence attitudes towards exercise? 2. What factors influence students’ use of gym facilities? 3. What attitude do students have towards use the facilities? Annotated Bibliography Andrews. G. J, Sudwell. M. I, Sparkes. A. C (2004). Towards a geography of fitness: an ethnographic case study of the gym in British bodybuilding culture. Elsevier Ltd, 60, 877-891 The article discusses the issues on the topics related to gym’s life and bodybuilding, and was focused on a detailed case study of geographical research on fitness. The research was conducted in Roy’s gym, and was published in two separate journals.
One focused on interpreting people through their actions and activities in the gym. The other was reserved for his own personal reflections on his own activities, interactions and related methodological issues. The result of this article includes relevant information for this research. The research shows that the gym has a larger role than just a space for bodybuilding or physical settings. Most important is that activities, ritual and rules of body building affect the gym become more complex in social construction. The research gives us important relevant information of members’ attitude toward gym facilities.
However, the research was too limited as it was only conducted in one gym. And it does not clearly explain how students feel about the gym facilities. Pascual. C, Regidor. E, Martinez. D, Calle. M. E, Dominguez. V (2008). Socioeconomic environment, availability of sports facilities, and jogging, swimming and gym use. Elsevier Ltd, 15, 553-561 This article discusses the importance of the availability of facilities in the gym and the relationship between socioeconomic environments, focusing on people jogging and swimming at the gym, how they use it and how they feel about the facilities.
Research was done in this article is the socioeconomic environment affects people using the gym. The article is based on previous investigations and gives the conclusion. This article offers vital analysis and covers lots of evidence about the attitude of consumers and their intention towards gym usage. In addition, this article illustrates that the level of personal income is related to the number of people swimming in the swimming pool and with the number of gym user. However, a limitation of this study is the measure of physical activity, if a wider range of activities had been included, the results might have been different.
Prichard. I, Tiggemann. M (2008). Relations among exercise type, self-objectification, and body image in fitness center environment: The role of reasons for exercise. ELSEEVIER, 9, 855-866 The article aimed to discuss different types of exercise and how people’s motivation and body image is influenced by the environment in the gym. The study was from 571 female gym members and ranged from 18 to 71 years. First, the studies focus on the relationships between different types of exercise within the gym and body esteem. Second, it studied in the factors influencing whether women go to the gym.
The result of this article gives a key analysis of the main factor influencing women’s attitudes toward gym usage. The result shows women’s motivation for doing exercise is to achieve their goal to make their body image look better. This article provides important research about women’s attitude towards exercise. Although it analyzed the different ages of women and their attitude, it still does not cover the difference between genders. However, there is no research about men’s attitude toward gym usage. Berchtold. N. C, Castello. N and Cotman. C. W (2010).
Exercise and time-dependent benefits to learning and memory. ELSEEVIER, 167, 588-597 The article discusses the brain health of human and animal behavior after exercise, saying that exercise can increase neurogenesis and vascularization, building synaptic structure and increasing brain metabolic capacity. In this study, researchers used mice to do the experiment. At the end, the study shows that the groups that exercised had stronger memory during the probe trial, and also shows the enhanced memory for the location of the escape platform relative to sedentary animals. This article shows the benefits of exercise.
Providing lots of pathways by which exercise may benefit the health of the brain. Further, the accumulating evidence shows that after exercising, brains can increase aspects of memory formation. However, the research point is in mice, the concept emerging from the memory field and learning after exercise is mostly the same, but does not fully explore the implications to people, therefore leaving some unanswered questions. Dusen. D. P. V, Kelder. S. H, Kohl. H. W, Ranjit. N, Perrym. C. L (2010). Associations of Physical Fitness and Academic Performance Among Schoolchildren. American School Health Association.
VOL81. 733-740 This article focused the effect exercise had on students’ schoolwork. The research was held in 13 Texas school districts in grades 3-11. Researchers categorized results by age and gender to compare with academic performance. One of the studies found cardiovascular has the highest connection academic achievement, followed by BMI, and muscle. Another study found cardiovascular affected girls in both math and reading scores. The result of this article plays a vital role in showing that exercise was significant and strongly helps students in their academic performance.
This article is very important to the research topic as the research gives new proof that exercise affects academics. It also analyses the different effect of exercise between genders. However, this article is limited in the age below 18 and didn’t study too much about students over high school and universities. Methodology This research proposal is to investigate students’ attitude towards gym facility usage between positive and negative attitudes, according to Saunders et al (2009:139), an exploratory method is more effective than a descriptive method, the opinion of customer and their attitudes toward gym using could be understood clearly.
It would be relevant to find out the issue of gym facilities and the attitudes of students’. To do this, it is important to understand students’ attitudes and other variables through the questions asked. Hence, there would be a method using both qualitatively and quantitatively in a mixed-method and cross-sectional in this research proposal. Questionnaires will be an important part of this research and is efficient to explore the relationships and analyze the public’s attitude toward gym usage.
The questionnaire will be done in two parts, one is a closed-ended question and the other is an opened-ended question. The closed-ended question can collect the information of relevant data, and the opened-end question can offer some higher quality information. Some non-structured interview will be necessary for gathering further information. Due to limited time and resources, the qualitative aspect of the research will be limited and will focus on the quantitative aspect. The ideal size of the samples is around 1000 people; nevertheless, it might not be possible to gain this in a short time.
Therefore, this research proposal will might reduce the numbers of people to 50 as a sample. The process of the research will be at random. It means that the research will be done in non-probability way. If there is any particular case in this research will be difficult to specify. However, the research will use sampling to get data. During the research, the questionnaire will be asked to fill up in two locations. One is in front of the gym and another will be held in front of the library. The questions’ level is ranged from ‘1’ up to ‘5’ where 1 will represent as strongly disagree and 5 is strongly agree.
It will make the questionnaire be completed more convenient and efficiency. Word count : 1553 Reference * Andrews. G. J, Sudwell. M. I, Sparkes. A. C (2004). Towards a geography of fitness: an ethnographic case study of the gym in British bodybuilding culture. Elsevier Ltd, 60, 877-891 * Berchtold. N. C, Castello. N and Cotman. C. W (2010). Exercise and time-dependent benefits to learning and memory. ELSEEVIER, 167, 588-597 * Dusen. D. P. V, Kelder. S. H, Kohl. H. W, Ranjit. N, Perrym. C. L (2010). Associations of Physical Fitness and Academic Performance Among Schoolchildren.
American School Health Association. VOL81. 733-740 * IBISWorld. (2012). Gyms, Fitness Centres in the UK: Market Research. Retrieved February 21th, 2013 From: http://www. ibisworld. co. uk/market-research/gyms-fitness-centres. html * Pascual. C, Regidor. E, Martinez. D, Calle. M. E, Dominguez. V (2008). Socioeconomic environment, availability of sports facilities, and jogging, swimming and gym use. Elsevier Ltd, 15, 553-561 * Prichard. I, Tiggemann. M (2008). Relations among exercise type, self-objectification, and body image in fitness center environment: The role of reasons for exercise.
ELSEEVIER, 9, 855-866 * Sauders. M, Lewis. P, Thornhill. A (2009). Research Methods for Business Students. Prentice hall . 5thedition * Silence. M, (2006) Indoor vs. Outdoor Exercise: Pros & Cons Of Your Workout Environment. Retrieved February 21th, 2013 From:http://www. thedietchannel. com/Indoor-vs-Outdoor-Exercise-Pros-and-Cons-of-Your-Workout-Environment. htm * Williams. Z (2011). The gym is a genius con we should be ashamed to fall for. Retrieved February 21th, 2013 From: http://www. guardian. co. uk/commentisfree/2011/jan/05/gym-genius-con-exercise-hungry