The HSE is the UK government body responsible for enforcing health and safety at work legislation. The HSE also plays a major role in producing advice on health and safety issues, and guidance on relevant legislation. The role of enforcement is split between HSE and local authorities depending on the business sector.
All of th ese legisla tion s are a cr ucial part of he alth and safe, every piece of leg islati on descri bes not on ly cle ar gu ida nce of resp onsi bilitie s bu t als o ho w sho uld we m aintai n hea lth and sa fety to elim inate risk s for the people usin g so cial care settin gs, let alone food hyg ie ne reg ulati ons 2005 whic h e xpl ains the respo nsibili ties involv e food han dling safe ly in order to avoi d co ntam inati on an d foo d poi sonin g e nvi ronm ental prote ctio n act 1990 whic h d escri bes the re spo nsibili ties involv es ha ndlin g clini cal wa ste in or der to pre ve nt ha rm to the environm ent.
Con trol of e xp osur e to ha zar dou s to health act 1999 explai ns the respon sibili ties invo lvi ng m ovin g ,m oving hazar dous sub stan ces such as red uce using less ha zar dou s sub stan ces, to fo llow health an d safe ty policie s and proc edure s to eradic ate risks from workpl ace and m aintai n safe work ing enviro nm ent, Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 Often referred to as HASAW or HSW, this Act of Parliament is the main piece of UK health and safety legislation. It places a duty on all employers “to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work” of all their employees.
Among other provisions, the Act also requires: • safe operation and maintenance of the working environment, plant and systems • maintenance of safe access and egress to the workplace • safe use, handling and storage of dangerous substances • adequate training of staff to ensure health and safety • adequate welfare provisions for staff at work. Employers must also keep and revise a written record of health and safety policy and consult with employees or their representatives on such policies (this only applies to those employing five or more).
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 places a duty on employers to assess and manage risks to their employees and others arising from work activities. Employers must also make arrangements to ensure the health and safety of the workplace, including making arrangements for emergencies, adequate information and training for employees and for health surveillance where appropriate. Employees must work safely in accordance with their training and instructions given to them.
Employees must also notify the employer or the person responsible for health and safety of any serious or immediate danger to health and safety or any shortcoming in health and safety arrangements. Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 Known as RIDDOR, these regulations require employers, the self-employed and people in control of premises, to report work-related deaths, major injuries, work-related diseases and dangerous occurrences.
Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 these regulations are concerned with the working environment. They place a duty on employers to make sure that the workplace is safe and suitable for the tasks being carried out there, and that it does not present risks to employees and others. The regulations cover all aspects of the working environment, including: • maintenance of the workplace, equipment, devices and systems • ventilation • temperature in indoor workplaces • lighting • cleanliness and waste materials • room dimensions and space.
• work stations and seating • condition of floors and traffic routes • falls or falling objects • windows and transparent or translucent doors, gates and walls • windows, skylights and ventilators • ability to clean windows, etc. safely • organisation, etc. of traffic routes • doors and gates • escalators and moving walkways • sanitary conveniences • washing facilities • drinking water • accommodation for clothing • facilities for changing clothing • facilities for rest and to eat meals.
Manual handling operations regulations 1992, Another of the ‘six-pack’ of legislation introduced on 1 January, 1993, the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (MHO Regs) implemented the requirements of European Directive 90/269/EEC. They replaced a number of earlier pieces of legislation, including sections of both the Factories Act 1961 and the 1963 Offices, Shops and Railway Premises Act. This is defined, in Regulation 2, as ‘any transporting or supporting of a load (including the lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving thereof) by hand or by bodily force.
Care standards act 2000 An Act to establish a National Care Standards Commission; to make provision for the registration and regulation of children’s homes, independent hospitals, independent clinics, care homes, residential family centres, independent medical agencies, domiciliary care agencies, fostering agencies, nurses agencies and voluntary adoption agencies; to make provision for the regulation and inspection of local authority fostering and adoption services; to establish a General Social Care Council and a Care Council for Wales and make provision for the registration, regulation and training of social care workers;
To establish a Children’s Commissioner for Wales; to make provision for the registration, regulation and training of those providing child minding or day care; to make provision for the protection of children and vulnerable adults; to amend the law about children looked after in schools and colleges; to repeal the Nurses Agencies Act 1957; to amend Schedule 1 to the Local Authority Social Services Act 1970; and for connected purposes. 1. 3 outline the main Health and Safety responsibilities of Self ?
Take reasonable care of your health and safety ? Take reasonable care not to put other people, including other employees and residents at risk by what you do or don’t do at work ? Co-operate with your employer making sure you get proper training and you ? Understand and follow your organisation’s health and safety policies ? Not to interfere with or misuse anything that’s been provided for your health, safety or welfare ? Report injuries, strains or illnesses you suffer as a result of doing your job ?
Tell your employer if something happens that might affect your ability to work, for example becoming pregnant or sustaining an injury ? Not to undertake any health and safety tasks that you haven’t been trained for ? To av o id w earing jew ellery o r lo o se clo th ing , ? To ma ke the work place safe Employer or Manager ? Provide a safe workplace ? Give information on health and safety ? Provide free health and safety training ? Make sure you can enter and leave the workplace safely ?
Others in the work place ? Follow health and safety advice given to them ? Co-operate with you to use appropriate equipment safely ? Take reasonable care of their own health and safety ? To provide ppe, ? To hav e rest b reak s th roug h th e wo rk ing day, 1. 4 Identify tasks relating to Health and Safety that should not be carried out without special training without the correct level of training you are not allowed to carry out certain tasks relating to health and safety. Here are a few examples: ?
Moving and handling ? Administering medication ? Emergency first aid ? Giving injections ? Peg feeding ? Colostomy ? Fighting fire If I am are unsure about what can and cannot do, I would discuss this with my supervisor / manager. 1. 5 Explain how to access additional support and information relating to Health and safety The Health and Safety at Work Act requires employers to ensure workers are appropriately knowledgeable about Health and Safety and that they are properly trained in relevant areas.
Before you begin working you should of already had basic training on health and safety and you will automatically be updated with more health and safety training as you go along. You should ask your working colleague’s, manager or supervisor or the health and safety executive www. hse. gov. uk, and your policies and procedures. 2 Understand the use of risk assessments in relation to Health and Safety 2.
1 Explain why it is important to assess health and safety hazards posed by the work setting or by particular activities By law it is re quire d tha t hea lth and so cial care hom es are to car ry ou t form al risk as sessm ent s of the outsi de are as and wo rkpla ce, the ide a of risk asses sm en ts are to identi fy po tenti al risk s to the health and safet y of servi ce us ers and worker s, th e aim is to minim ise the ris k of identi fying the ha zar ds an d to put som ething in pla ce to prot ect people , e ver ybo dy who work s in health and socia?
l care h ave a du ty to use the risk asses sm en ts th at are pu t in place to red uce the risk of injuri es to your self and other s, to ensur e pe ople are wo rking to th e law ’s re quirem ent s, als o to reduc e th e cos t of em plo ye rs being sued , ste ps ca n be ta ke n to reduc e or to rem ove ris ks b y, m aking sure all equi pm en t is chec ke d for ha za rds, all ac tivitie s th at ta ke pla ce in the hom e.
The heal th an d saf ety execu tive has id entifi ed f ive sta ges to ide ntify what the ha zar ds are, th e risk who se at risk, con trollin g the risk what nee ds to be do ne and wh o ne eds to do what, m onitor the ris ks ar e peo ple using the controlm easure that are im plem ente d, rea sses s th e risk is th e risk und er co ntrol, a ris k ass essm ent is an ongoi ng proced ure that never stops as individ uals becom e m ore un well so th ere at risk m ore, the m anagem ent of hea lth and sa fety at w ork re gulat ions 1999 say that thes e reg ulatio ns place a dut y on em plo yers to car ry o ut th e nec essa ry ris k as sessm ent s like the poten tial hazard s and pre ve ntive and prote ctive meas ures. 2.
2 E xpl ain how an d wh en to repor t pot enti al hea lth and sa fety risks that have been iden tified Pot enti al hea lth and sa fety risks m ust be report ed imm edi ately to th e m anager or s uperv iso r. They shou ld foll ow the ch ain of comm and and if nee ded will have to repor t ha zards to go vernm ent offic es for them to carry out an i nve stiga tion. If I as a ca re wo rker see a ha zar d or risk to heal th I must repor t it straig ht a way.
I should also be alert to a ny pote ntial ha zar ds or risks in my work place and repor ting them m akes su re my work place is saf e an d my work place is a wa re that they are th ere so they can deal with them appr opria tely. Norm ally in every care hom e there are incide nt an d ac ciden t boo ks th at need to be filled out correc tly an d th ese are norm al ly ke pt in th e offi ces. 2.
3 E xpl ain how ris k as sessm ent can help addre ss dil em m as be twee n righ ts an d he alth and safety conc erns Risk assessment can help address dilemmas between an individual’s rights and health and safety concerns by employers making sure that policies and procedures are in place to protect home carers while they are at work by: • Carrying out suitable risk assessments that take account of the real risks faced by home care workers • Providing health and safety training and information as well as refresher training so that care workers are confident in carrying out their duties.
• Ensuring that a reporting system is set up that encourages care workers to report and record incidents and accidents • Monitoring, evaluating and reviewing practices and procedures on a regular basis. Employers’ legal duties Under the Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA) 1974 and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (MHSW) 1999, employers have a legal duty to assess all risks to the health and safety of employees. 3 Understand procedures for responding to accidents and sudden illness 3.
1 Describe different types of accidents and sudden illness that may occur in own work setting We as care workers need to be aware of potential accidents and no how to react when they happen. Accidents and illnesses are sometimes unexpected and individuals can be unwell really quickly as a care worker I need to look for signs and respond correctly and quickly and getting help and support if needed. Falls and trips can cause injury such as fractures, sprains and head injuries and these may occur if obstacles are left in the way. Individuals could abstain burns, scalds and skin damage from being left unattended around hot baths, drinks or hot taps.
If medication is left unattended or administered incorrectly it can cause illness or worse. If chemicals or toxic fluids are left unattended or put in wrong containers this could lead to accidental poisoning. This could coarse vomiting, organ failure, loss of consciousness or even sudden illness or death or heart attacks, strokes, diabetic comas and diarrhoea. 3. 2 Outline the procedure to be followed if an accident or sudden illness should occur I as a care worker needs to be prepared for emergencies and no how to put procedures in place I also need to know my job role and undertake any training provided by my employer. I need to follow correct procedures when needed.
For example, Rai se th e ala rm an d call for help , acce ss th e sit uati on, clear any ob stacl es that are in the way, Ac cess the indi vidua l nee ds, Give fir st aid if ne eded , a lway s st ay wi th th e ind iv idu al and always st ay calm . M a ke sure everyt hing is reco rded in th e acci dent repo rt an d its clear and preci se. 4 Be abl e to reduc e the spre ad of infec tion 4.
1 Dem onst ra te the recomm end ed m ethod for hand wa shi ng ? Wet hands with water ? Apply enough soap and hand wash to cover all hand surfaces ? Rub hands palm to palm ? Right palm over the other hand with interlaced fingers and vice versa ? Palm to palm with fingers interlaced ? Backs of fingers to opposing palms with fingers interlocked ? Rotational rubbing of left thumb clasped in right palm and vice versa ?
Rotational rubbing, backwards and forwards with clasped fingers of right hand in left palm and vice versa ?Rinse hands with water ? Dry thoroughly with towel. 4. 2 Demonstrate ways to ensure that own health and hygiene do not pose a risk to others at work Always ensure that your own health and hygiene does not pose a threat to others in your work setting, you should always be clean well presented in the required uniform, follow infection control i. e. hand hygiene and personal protective equipment and that your personal health is well and free from disease or infection.
5 Be able to move and handle equipment and other objects safely 5. 1 Identify legislation that relates to moving and handling ? ?? ? ??????? ??? ? ? ? ??? ???? ???? ;? ‘?? ???? ? ??????? ??? ????? ? ? &??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? (( %?? &? ??? ???? ?%))% ??? ? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? & ??? ?????? ‘?? ? ???? ? ? ?? * ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ? ???????? ??? ??? +?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ,? ??? ?? ; ??? ?? ????? ?? ‘? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?-??? ?? ?? & ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ” ?
Manual handling operations regulations 1992 ? Lifting operations and lifting equipment regulations 1998 ? The provision and use of work equipment regulations 1998 5. 2 explain principles for moving and handling equipment and other objects ?
Lift with the knees not the back. ?Ask for help if you need it. ?Always use appropriate equipment and wear appropriate protective clothing. ? To provid e t rai ning cour ses in m anual handli ng ? H av ing adequ ate ly train ed st aff ? En sure staff are able to lift or car ry ? Us e equ ipm ent ap propr iate ly and respo nsib ly ? Car ry o ut pe rson al risk ass essm ents to co nsid er saf ety of self ind ivi dual and equipm en t ? Be acco unt able for th eir ow n ac tions ? Rep ort any manua l han dling conc erns regard ing individ uals, equi pm en t or staff ? All routes to be cleared of obstruction . “/? &? ‘?????????????? ,??? ;???????????????? 0????????????
When moving any item it is always important to assess the situation before hand, this then gives you a better idea of the safest possible way to perform the task. When assessments are carried out it looks at many aspects, the task in hand, the actual load, the working environment and also the workers capability and needs. It is important to reduce the risk of hazardous manual handling for all employees, this could be by ensuring correct posture is maintained and lifting techniques; working within a team; using mechanical aids, eg hoists, slide boards/sheets; changing the approach to the task; following appropriate systems and agreed ways of working; reporting any other hazards seen.
6 know how to handle hazardous substances and materials that may be found in the work setting 6. 1 identify hazardous substances and materials that may be found in the work setting Some hazardous substances and materials that may be found in the workplace may include electrical equipment, hot water, chemical substances hazardous to health, soiled linen, various detergents etc. , needles and other residents and people. Hazardous substances should always be stored in their correct containers and should be clearly labelled.
They should always be used only by people who are properly trained to use these substances and trained people should use these in the manner that they have been trained to use these substances , they should be disposed of in the correct manner and using correct storage containers that they are due to be disposed in. Body products- urine, blood, vomit, feces, and sputum’s should be cleaned up using the spillage kits Linen and clothing-soiled clothes, towels should be washed separately Clinical waste-gloves, aprons, dressing, should be disposed of in a yellow bag.
6. 2 describe safe practices for Storing hazardous substances Storing hazardous substances cleaning products should be stored and used according to manufacturer’s instructions. Using Hazardous substances Coshh health regulations 1999 says that substances that could damage a person by being Inhaled, ingested, in contact with skin, injected, introduced into the body, for each substance used a care worker should know how each substance may cause harm and you should know what procedures to do, the best thing to do is try not to let yourself be exposed to any hazardous substances. Disposing of hazardous substances and materials #?