There are many diet plans which can be used for weight reduction. According to Harvard Medical School (2007), a good diet plan is one which allows the user to follow the regimen for a long time and at the same time is good for both physical and mental health. Also, the diet plan must produce sustained weight loss without causing any adverse effects on the health of the user. There are many popular diets available which claim to decrease weight. Some of them are low carbohydrate diets, low fat diets, correct carbohydrates diet and perfect proportions and careful combinations diet.
Low-carbohydrate diets like South Beach diet consists of high-protein meats, poultry, eggs and full-fat dairy products with no carbohydrates like rice, bread and pasta and also restriction of saturated and trans foods which are mainly seen in animal foods. However, the diet encourages unsaturated form of fats which are derived from nuts and fish (Harvard Medical School, 2007). Low fat diets like Dr. Dean Ornish’s “Eat More, Weigh Less” plan recommend whole-grain, vegetarian, very low-fat diet with decrease of cholesterol intake which is bad for heart.
The diet plan also recommends stress management, exercise and group support (Harvard Medical School, 2007). Correct carbohydrates diet recommends intake of foods with low glycemic index so that there is slow release of glucose into the blood preventing sudden bursts of insulin which causes hunger (Harvard Medical School, 2007). Core of this diet is plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Perfect proportions and Careful Combinations diets contain 40% carbohydrate, 30% fat and 30% protein along with recommendations for exercise and food supplements (Harvard Medical School, 2007).
Calorie-density diets consist of foods which have minimal calorific value but fill the belly. Low fat milk, fruits, vegetables, beans, cooked grains, soups, stews and beans have high water content, are filling and yield low calories. The automatic diet proposes that “there are seven keys to weight loss which are feelings of healing, right thinking, no-fail environment, intentional exercise, circle of support and mastery over food and impulse eating. ” This diet program uses behavior modification technique to reduce weight (Harvard Medical School, 2007).
While selecting a diet for weight reduction, it is important to select a diet which is good for heart, bones, colon and over all health. Also, the food must be appealing and satisfying. Otherwise, adherence to the diet regime will be difficult. Research has shown that adherence is the only factor which influences weight reduction in these popular diets. Some of the foundations/organizations which provide latest information on Obesity are World Health Organization (www. who. int/topics/obesity/en/), The Obesity Society (www. obesity. org), MedlinePlus (www. nlm. nih. gov/medlineplus/obesity. html).
Obesity (www. nature. com/obesity/) and International Obesity Taskforce (www. iotf. org). References Galletta, G. M. and Khandwala, H. K. (2005). Obesity. Emedicine Health. Retrieved July 9, 2009 from http://www. emedicinehealth. com/obesity/page2_em. htm Harvard Medical School (2007). Popular Diets: Obesity. Harvard Health Publications. Retrieved July 9, 2009 from http://www. aolhealth. com/obesity/learn-about-it/popular-diets Uwaifo, G. I. , and Arioglu, E. (2009). Obesity. Emedicine from WebMD. Retrieved July 9, 2009 from http://emedicine. medscape. com/article/123702-overview