The past and present decade is bombarded with health problems. One of these is overweight or obesity in children. Joanna Briggs Institute (2008) conducted a systematic study on this specific matter. With contributing factors like food supply changes and increased production, accessibility and availability of sweetened and energy-dense foods, and decreased physical activity but increased sedentary lifestyle, it was found out that there are significant long-term effects of being overweight, most especially of being obese, on children (Joanna Briggs Institute, 2008).
The specific considerable findings on the consequences of overweight or obesity to children include higher rates of mortality, body system complications, psychosocial problems, lower educational attainment which may even lead to poor employment status and lower incomes, and unmarried status (Joanna Briggs Institute, 2008). With all these adverse effects, many interventions were conducted by different groups around the world to address the problem and save the future of the children.
From the actions done, it was evident that food or diet, which is the main culprit to overweight or obesity, can also resolve the problem. Usually, the prescribed diet includes low-caloric foods or low-carbohydrate, and low-fat. However, the problem on overweight and obese children is more effectively addressed if dietary intervention, exercise or physical activity therapy, and behavioral therapy are combined and implemented to help the children (Joanna Briggs Institute, 2008).
Evidence-based research works like these has helped advance nursing practice to a higher level. From the findings on the causes and effects of overweight and obesity in children, effective interventions were planned and conducted. From these effective interventions, the most efficient actions for particular cases were known and applied by nurses as they render quality health care and management. Nutrition Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome: An Evidenced-Based Review
As health care and management advances, all interventions done for patients are expected to bring about better outcomes in the status of the patient. In the case of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, nutrition is of great importance that healthcare givers should take into consideration. Nutritional management especially in Type 2 Diabetes needs to be referred from evidence-based nutritional practices (Mann, 2006). Mann (2006) suggested prescribed ways on how to use evidence-based research works as basis for nutritional intervention.
According to Mann (2006), a descriptor set that was agreed upon and significant information banks should be utilized in looking for relevant literatures; specified criteria should be used to evaluate the literatures; and recommendations should be scored based on their evidence strength. Usually, randomized and controlled studies were used for examining what lifestyle modification including nutrition can do for preventing Type 2 Diabetes among high risk people who are already suffering impaired glucose tolerance (Mann, 2006). With these studies on diabetes, evidence-based recommendations emerged.
In fact, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes has published guidelines for the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus derived from these evidence-based actions (Mann, 2006). With this published guidelines, healthcare providers including nurses are guided in how they deal with diabetic patients. Now using the evidence-based works, healthcare givers encourage diabetic patients to decrease their energy intake, enhance their energy expenditure, and avoid regaining weight (Mann, 2006).
Nurses also add in their health teaching facts especially on significant effects of weight loss like blood pressure and lipid level reduction and improved life expectancy, and self-care interventions. Reference List Joanna Briggs Institute. (2008, January 9). Effective dietary interventions for overweight and obese children. Nursing Standard, 22(18), 35-40. Mann, J. (2006, September). Nutrition Recommendations for the Treatment and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes and the Metabolic Syndrome:An Evidenced-Based Review. Nutrition Reviews, 64(9), 422-427.