As scientific revolution is steadily booming in the 21st century, more and more technologies are being invented which have significantly changed and are continuously changing the world. Exceptional communication, transportation, and educational technologies are continuously making a big difference in the lives of the contemporary people. The medical and scientific technologies are no exception. Today, cloning and genetic modification is efficiently being conducted which proves that the growing and expanding knowledge of people about the science of life and its technologies are becoming increasingly competent.
However, the issues on cloning and Genetically Modified Products or Organisms (GMOs) also tend to put the world in a state of dichotomy as to whether genetically changing a living organism’s DNA is morally acceptable or not. The debate continues, but the scientific studies on the drawbacks and disadvantages of GMOs have laid their pieces of evidence which present their final verdict as to whether or not GMOs must be considered very dangerous because of their several side effects and because of the controversies they have caused among countries. The Global Argument
GMOs or Genetically Modified Organisms are plants or animals the genetic materials of which have been used to genetically change or enhance their characteristics (Bessin). These products are genetically modified to produce the desired characteristics which a farer seeks in order to either fulfill the growing demand in the market or just have a little more advantage over the others. This may pose significance to the lives of average farmers; however, the world has already started debating about the real effects and damages that these genetic modifications may cause.
One argued disadvantage that GMOs have is their ability to intoxicate the nearby plants once they are planted. The BT corn, for example, was found to produce a type of protein from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis which appears “to be toxic to a number of insects” as well as to other crops (Philips). This suggests that, even from the planting process itself, GMOs can cause several damages and intoxications already. Aside from this, despite the global warnings and regulations about these kinds of genetically modified products, an American public interest attorney confronted the U.
S. government for not having a solid and reliable crime labeling for Genetic Modification as he revealed, “References to the unintended negative effects of bioengineering were progressively deleted from drafts of the policy statement” (Druker qtd. in “State-of-the-Science On the Health Risks of GM Foods”). This implies that aside from the perceived drawbacks and health risks posed by GMOs, the government also seem to be a little lenient regarding this issue which, as a result, allows more and more farmers and biotechnologists to continue the GMO production of products like the BT corn.
These are just some reasons why the world has been alarmed and disturbed by GMO production as a growing dilemma. In spite of these controversies and heating debates over GMOs and GMO productions, there are still no reported deaths after the ingestion of BT corns. Moreover, studies also reveal that genetic modification or genetic engineering increases crop yields which eventually reduce the costs for food and drug production for crops (Philips). Results of some studies also report that GMOs proved to reduce the need for pesticides due to their intoxicating nature, and they were also found to enhance nutrient composition and quality (Philips).
Thus, the results of these suggest that GMOs may have several helpful effects, and they may support the movement trying to legalize and approve of GMO production which threatens the natural make up of different organisms. Nevertheless, considering the long-term damage that GMOs can cause to other organisms, the profit may appear to be not worth the risk. Moreover, despite the natural occurrence of genes transfer in other organisms, there are still unidentified and indefinite effects in changing the natural building blocks of an organism that science is yet to address (Philips).
This makes the argument concrete that GMOs indeed have more drawbacks that the perceived benefits. Conclusion Truly, scientific discoveries and advancements are sought for the development and progress of human life. However, underneath the benefits that the progress may bring, it may come down to a situation wherein some aspects of the world’s natural environment would be sacrificed. This is the usual dilemma associated with progress and development.
While the abovementioned claims and arguments that support genetic engineering are clearly presenting it as a very helpful technology, the reality that this kind of process puts the natural environment and the inhabiting organisms at risk cannot be denied. Although these products possess a comparable advantage compared to the natural ones, the health risks also appear to be worth the consideration. Moreover, although the negative effects do not come directly to the consumers, these effects will still strike them sooner or later, and nobody can tell up to what extent the damages will be.
Thus, GMOs like the BT Corn must indeed be banned anytime soon, for the harm and dangers they might cause are undoubtedly more valuable and considerable than the profit that will just last a farmer and a biotechnologist for quite a while. Life will always be more valuable than any technological and scientific advancement. No technology can equate to the natural dynamics and equilibrium of life; hence, no technology that threatens the equilibrium of life must be accepted or legalized. Works Cited Bessin, Ric. “Bt-Corn: What It Is And How It Works.
” University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Department of Entomology. 06 January 2007. 23 February 2009 <http://www. ca. uky. edu/entomology/entfacts/ef130. asp>. Philips, Theresa. “Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and Recombinant DNA Technology. ” Nature Education. 2008. 23 February 2009 <http://www. nature. com/scitable/topicpage/Genetically-Modified-Organisms-GMOs-Transgenic-Crops-160-732>. “State-of-the-Science On the Health Risks of GM Foods. ” Institute For Responsible Technology. SayNoToGMOS. org. 27 April 2008. 23 February 2009 <http://www. saynotogmos. org/paper. pdf>.