Georgia Health System is a not-for-profit healthcare system with multiple locations and services. The Georgia Department of Community Health (DCH) has the responsibility for insuring over two million people in the state of Georgia. In October 2006 the Governor of Georgia Sonny Perdue issued an order to establishment of Information Technology and Transparency (HITT) Advisory Board. The board goal is to secure the public and private sectors for the benefit of the health care consumer. St. Mary’s Health Care System was named “Hospital of the Year” at the Georgia Alliance of Community Hospitals.
The growth of new integrated healthcare delivery systems has slowed, but more than 850 hospitals and medical centers merged into integrated delivery systems (Stmarysathens, 2006). Health Care Reforms: The Government of Georgia launched a new health policy reform agenda in 2006. The aim of this policy reform is to privatizing the whole Georgian health-care system. By using the interviews of various stakeholders and comprehensive research, Oxfam and associate organizations decided to undertake the analysis of reforms.
Recently Georgia joined in the federal health-care reform act. Under reform in Georgia, 9. 7 million residents of Georgia will benefit from health care reform. Health insurance reform will ensure 38 percent of Georgia residents can access preventive services for free through their health plans (Oxfam, 2009). GA Health Care Reform initiatives: Enhancing of People’s Health Status: Infant, child and maternal mortality rates has decreased and life expectancy has increased in recent times.
In 1990 the life expectancy rate is 70 years and it has been increased to 75 years in 2007. In 2001 the infant mortality rate improved from 20 deaths in 2001 to 14 deaths 2007 per 1000 births. In 2001 maternal mortality is 58 deaths decreased to 20 deaths in 2007. Moratality due to TB and cardiovascular diseases also have been reduced. Improving better access to health care services: Providing better services helps to increase patient satisfaction and medical services. There are better services are available for the cancer and TB patients than those in 2001 .
Cured cases are increasing from time to times with sophisticated treatments, medicines and services. There is rapid increase in cured cases in 2007 than in 2001 i. e. 50%. Providing better access to medicines, services: Services has to be provided to all those who are in need for it without exception of poor and rich. Urban people had better access to medicines and care services than those people in rural areas. By providing Privatized health care centers has reduced the problem to better access to the medicines to rural people.
Enhancing economic care: Most of the burden to rural people is non food expenditures to reduce this burden the government introduced the health care insurance to the people in which they reduce the most of the health expenses . It also helps poor people to manage the house holds even they are in ill health condition. Allotment of Health system resources: More than 40 % of the doctors and nurses need retraining . For this purpose government introduced the program for training to doctors and nurses. More than1000 PH got benefit from this program (Hauschild & Berkhout, 2009).