Global imperatives for health

The science of preventing manual injuries in nursing is inter-disciplinary in approach. All the preventive measures, the ergonomic machines are designed by the engineers. The statistical evidences signifying the success of any machine is found by the trained statistician. The strength of material to be used in the construction of the machine is found out by metallurgy professional. The global impact of manual injuries is very high. As the literature review showed, US, Eurpoe, UK and Australia cases were studied by the authors and each of them agreed on the similar lines on the cause and effect of the manual injuries.

Thus, any medical center or home based caregiver gets impacted by the best solutions identified across the globe for preventing the manual injuries. What is the relationship between behavior and health outcome Behavior plays an important role in terms of the health outcome. Any complex machinery to prevent the manual injuries would not be of any use, unless, nursing staff changes their behavior towards the safety issues. In fact, NHS guidelines suggest simple behavioral changes to make a difference to the prevention of manual injuries to nursing staff.

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Some of the safety suggestions include – • Modify the way you do your task – Do you really need to do this task? If yes, can the way be modified to make it less straining? • Break the load into small parts – Manage a bigger load by repacking into smaller packets • Workplace reorientation – Change the furniture and table to more ergonomically designed height, length and load • Synergize with mechanical aids – Use rolling friction more than sliding by making use of props like, conveyor belts, wheelbarrows, forklifts or cranes

• Modify the way you handle your work – Take frequent breaks and change the job if you feel you are strained • Training for the new workers – As the review shows, inexperienced staff is more likely to get injured hence, a training is a necessity to prevent such injuries References Brown, Alex R. & Mulley, Graham R (1997), Injuries sustained by caregivers of disabled elderly people, available < http://ageing. oxfordjournals. org/cgi/reprint/26/1/21. pdf>, accessed on 09 Jul 10 Cox, T. , Griffiths, A., and Rial-Gonzalez, E. (2000).

Research on Work-related Stress. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. De Castro, AB. (2004) Handle with Care: The American Nurses Association’s Campaign to Address Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Online J Issues Nurs 9(3):3. Engkvist, IL, Wigaeus Hjelm E, Hagberg M, Menckel W and Ekenwall, L. (2000). Risk indicators for reported ever-exertion injuries among female nursing personnel. Epidemiology 11: 519-22. Engkvist, I-L. , Kjellberg, A., Wigaeus, H. E. , Hagberg, M. , Menckel, E. , ; Ekenvall, L. (2001).

Back injuries among nursing personnel – identification of work conditions with cluster analysis. Safety Science, 37, 1-18. European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2002). How to Tackle Psychosocial Issues and Reduce Work-related Stress. Fochsen G, Josephson M, Hagberg M, Toomingas A and Lagerstrom M. (2006). Predictors of leaving nursing care: a longitudinal study among Swedish nursing personnel. Occup Environ Med 63: 198-201.

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