The hormone insulin, which is produced by the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas, is responsible for the utilization of glucose in the body. Without insulin, glucose cannot enter the cells of the body. The consequence of which is the inability of the cell to produce the amount of energy needed for regular cellular metabolism and for all normal cellular processes to take place. Hence, an individual who is suffering from inadequate amount of insulin will show signs of fatigue, and sometimes even fainting. This condition is called Diabetes Mellitus. There are two types of this illness, type 1 and type 2. The first type indicates that insulin is not produced by the pancreas, and there is no other way to suffice for this loss than inject insulin medication into the body. The second type, type 2 occurs in when there is still little insulin produced by the pancreas. Individuals who suffer from type 2 Diabetes Mellitus benefit greatly from lifestyle modifications like weight loss if obese, regular exercise, and diet alteration.

            Urinary tract infection is a disorder of the urinary system in which the urinary tract is invaded by bacterial microorganisms, most commonly the E. coli. This condition is more common in females because of the shorter urethra that their anatomy possesses compared to the longer urethra in males. The invading bacteria cause painful urination, urinary frequency, urinary hesitancy and sometimes hematuria or blood in the urine. Usually, this condition can be treated with a week’s course of antibiotics prescribed the physician. Bactrim is the usual drug of choice in treating urinary tract infections. Drinking plenty of fluids, preferably at least 8 glasses of water a day, emptying the bladder frequently, and by performing perineal hygiene correctly by wiping the perineal area from front to back in females can help prevent the condition from occurring.

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