The value of physical fitness can never be overstated. It’s only in physical educational classrooms that students learn the value of taking care of themselves thru proper grooming, healthy eating and regular exercise. • It’s a preventive measure against disease. Many doctors today agree that obesity is a serious health risk. Without any form of diet management and control with the numerous processed food students intake everyday compounded by a sedentary lifestyle, a student’s health can easily be at risk to many diseases like chronic heart disease, hypertension and diabetes.
Physical education in school is a preventive measure to teach students the value of regular exercise. • It’s a program for muscle strength and fitness. Physical education develops the students’ motor skills and hand-eye coordination. It also develops the upper body muscles through activities like doing push ups as well the lower body muscles through stationary jumping jacks, 3min running and jumping exercises. Programs usually have core training exercises also like doing abdominal crunches. • It promotes academic learning.
Physical health allows students to function even better in classrooms. A good cardiovascular system developed from regular exercise promotes excellent blood and oxygen circulation. This means more nutrients circulate through out the body which includes the brain. This circulation produces longer attention span during classes allowing longer concentration and absorption. • It builds self esteem. Students who are active in physical activities like basketball, volleyball, martial arts and running just to name a few are more confident with themselves according to most social school studies.
It’s probably because of the self discipline and dedication to excel in a sport that brings out the best in students. In school, the physical education program introduces these sport activities to students allowing them to make choices to which sport areas they want to get involved in. • It develops cooperation, teamwork and sportsmanship skill. Most physical education programs are holistic. The program allows student to interact together to a common goal and that is to win and excel physically. It brings out the competitive sides of students working both body and mind but also promotes sportsmanship.
• It promotes a physically active lifestyle. The purpose of physical education is to instill in students, at an early age, the value of self preservation and choosing a lifestyle that is good for both the mind and body. 2. Define Physical Education. • Physical Education or gymnastics is an educational course taken during primary and secondary education that encourages psychomotor learning in a play or movement exploration setting to promote health. 3. Objectives of Physical Education. • To develop the organic systems of the body.
It is recognized that our feelings, emotions, thoughts and achievements are influenced to a considerable extent by the physiological process of the body. The development of the organic vigor is dependent on a wide selection of activities and so conducted that the normal functions of the body are developed and improved. • To develop euro-muscular co-ordination or skill A good deal of physical activities helps the individuals and groups to develop certain skill, which gives satisfaction and happiness in a variety of ways during leisure times.
Being physically illiterate many people do not know how to enjoy their leisure and become unhappy and maladjusted. Individual and group play activities enable people to give wholesome expression to their innate desires and interests, • To develop right attitude towards and physical activities in general Programme of physical education is based on sound psychological principles. It develops amongst the individuals wholesome attitudes towards play and physical activities and cultivates recreational and hobbies. • To develop a desirable social attitudes and conduct
By giving emphasis on ethical values inherent in Playing games with and against others the desirable social attitudes and conduct can be developed through a programme of well organized physical activities. It gives opportunity for social contact, group living, and self adjustment with the group. • Development of psychomotor skills • Development of understanding and appreciation of the techniques and strategies of sports. • Preparation for leisure time • Elimination of worries and anxieties through developing appropriate interests and habits of engaging in exercise and sports.
• Attainment of knowledge of proper health procedure as related to physical exercise. • To develop correct health habits. A rational programme of physical activities can stimulate the participant to develop favorable attitudes and habits in physical, mental, moral, social and emotional health. • To serve as an out let for surplus energy, which if pent up, make the child tens, nervous and irritable. • To meet the challenge of growing indiscipline among the student community by instilling in the younger generation a sense of patriotism, self-reliance and discipline.
• To give adequate scope for bringing out the aptitudes and talents of the child. • To promote the spirit of certain qualities like sports-man ship, team spirit, leadership, patience, self-restrain co-operation, sociability and those other qualities of character and citizenship. 4. What is a physically educated person? • A physically educated person is an individual who is physically knowledgeable. The person displays capability in many movement forms and exhibits a physically lively lifestyle. He/she also applies movement ideas and standards to the learning and development of motor skills. 5.
Give characteristics of a physically educated person. Physically educated person are the one who’s : • Demonstrate competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities. • Demonstrate understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities. • Participate regularly in physical activities. • Achieve and maintain a health enhancing level of physical fitness. • Exhibit responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.
• Value physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction 6. What is Physical Fitness? • Physical fitness has been defined as a set of attributes or characteristics that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity. 7. Give the components of Physical Fitness. Health Related components: Those factors that are related to how well the systems of your body work 1. Cardiovascular Fitness: The ability of the circulatory system (heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise. 2.
Body Composition: The relative percentage of body fat compared to lean body mass (muscle, bone, water,etc) 3. Flexibility: The range of movement possible at various joints. 4. Muscular strength: The amount of force that can be produced by a single contraction of a muscle 5. Muscular endurance: The ability of a muscle group to continue muscle movement over a length of time. Skill Related Components: Those aspects of fitness which form the basis for successful sportor activity participation. 1. Speed: The ability to move quickly from one point to another in a straight line 2. Agility: The ability of the body to change direction quickly 3.
Balance: The ability to maintain an upright posture while still or moving 4. Coordination: Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses. 5. Reaction Time: Amount of time it takes to get moving. 6. Power: The ability to do strength work at an explosive pace. 8. State your weight in pounds and height in inches. Weight to pounds = 330 lbs Height to inches = 62 inches Title:Take a Breather Source:Runner’s World. 48. 1 (Jan. 2013): p030. From Expanded Academic ASAP. Document Type:Article Full Text: COPYRIGHT 2013 Rodale, Inc. http://www. rodale. com Full Text:
Plan recovery cycles to improve long-term resultsHalf a century ago, American marathoner Buddy Edelen snuck out for a 40-minute run on his rest day. Edelen was the first man to break 2:15, yet he suffered the same crisis of confidence about taking days off that plague most competitive runners. “This is a manifestation of uncertainty,” scolded Edelen’s coach, according to the Edelen biography, A Cold Clear Day. “There is a time to train and a time to restnot halfway rest. “As Edelen no doubt felt, it’s tempting to focus your training on building toward harder workouts, and schedule rest when your body “needs” it.
Studies have found that inexperienced athletes make exactly this mistake, steadily increasing training until fatigue or injury forces them to back offthen repeating the cycle. Experienced athletes deliberately plan their recovery. By taking a rest before it’s necessary, they end up accumulating more training overall. Since fatigue accumulates on different time scalesfor example, a long run may deplete your glycogen stores for the following day, while joint, tendon, and muscle problems may emerge after many weeksstart off the New Year by “periodizing” your recovery using the following cycles as your guide.
Microcycle Length: Seven daysThe classic approach is to take one day of complete rest every week. But you may need to add rest days or alter their intensity. Logging less than 30 miles per week? Take two rest days. If you’re at 60+ miles, schedule a full day off every other week but do one day of jogging or light cross-training during the “on” week. Mesocycle Length: Two to four weeksPeriodically reduce your mileage by 20 percent for one week to consolidate gains. If you’re building up after a break, increase mileage by up to 10 percent for three weeks before taking a
down week. Once you’re back to prebreak mileage or at a mileage you’ve comfortably handled in the recent past, alternate two up weeks with one down week. If you’re pushing into new territory, alternate one up and one down. When resuming mileage after the cut-back week, pick up where you left off. Macrocycle Length: Four to six monthsRunners often race throughout the year without taking any significant breaks, leaving them vulnerable to injuries and burnout. Break the year into two or three macrocycles, each ending with a goal race followed by a week-long break.
During that seven-day period, cross-train, rest, and/or do light jogging (limit light jogs to four). Take one 14-day break every year: one week of no running followed by a week of cross-training or easy jogging. What Kind of Rest? Let your body dictate cross-training, light jog, or day offIf you feel Do this Physically exhausted, or especially achy Complete rest. Don’t feel guilty: You need it. Stale and unmotivatedActive leisure. Go for a walk or leisurely bike ride, play tennis, have funbut don’t train at the intensity of a run.
Fatigue in muscles and joints but otherwise freshCross-train. Hit the bike, pool, or elliptical. Fresh and ready to go Light jog. Do up to 50 percent of the distance of a typical run at a supereasy pace. don’t crashSchedule rest before you need it. Photograph by Corbis Hutchinson, Alex Source Citation (MLA 7th Edition) “Take a Breather. ” Runner’s World Jan. 2013: 030. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 21 June 2013. Document URL http://go. galegroup. com/ps/i. do? id=GALE%7CA321161307;v=2. 1;u=phspuqc;it=r;p=GPS;sw=w Gale Document Number: GALE|A321161307