National Institute of Mental Health

The last group of people suffering from this disorder is referred to as hoarders. These people usually fear something bad may befall them as result of throwing anything away (National Institute of Mental Health, 2010). They hoard things compulsively which they do not use or need. These people may have accumulating junk of things such as magazines, news papers, containers of empty food or many other things. They may also have superstitions especially if bad thing has happened to them. How the DP perspective is particularly useful for examining psychopathology

Obsessive compulsive disorder can develop at any stage of life. It can develop when a person is just a child and one may find himself/herself having many thoughts and afraid of many things, which may happen in one’s life (national Institute of Mental Health, 2010). For this disorder developing in children, you may find a child spending much time washing hands in fear of catching germs or getting dirty. Also the child may also have worries about his/her parents every time in that they fear they may get sick or hurt.

Some children are fond of asking questions repeatedly or who like keeping things to be super-clean so as to avoid happenings of bad things. Some children worry much and avoid thinking about bad things in fear that those things might come true (Antony, & Swinson, 1998). Some of them also may worry about keeping things out of order and may also worry losing even useless items or feel that they have to collect those unnecessary items. On the other hand, OCD may develop in people mind and a person may start spending much time worrying about various things and making sure that those things he/she is worrying about does not befall him or her.

Many people with this disorder carry misperception that the cause of these obsessive thoughts and behaviors was somehow caused by them. OCD may develop as result of various complex and intertwined factors, which may include biology, genetics, how one reacts to the surrounding environment as well as personality development (National Institute of Mental Health, 2010). OCD develops as a sign of personal weakness or as a character of flaw. How one could potentially develop obsessive compulsive disorder The exact process of pathophysiology that underlies obsession compulsive disorder has not yet been established.

Treatment and research trials suggest that it comes as a result of abnormalities in the serotonin neurotransmission in a person’s brain (Valente, 2002). This is supported strongly by efficacy of the serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in the case of treating this disorder. Evidence further suggests abnormalities of the dopaminergic transmission in some few cases of OCD (Corner, Hull, & Hull, 2007). Tourrete disorder and chronic multiple tic in certain cohorts were seen to co-vary genetically with OCD in dominant autosomal pattern.

From the fact that compulsive-obsessive symptoms seem to usually take stereotypic forms made some people hypothesize that pathological disturbance which causes OCD could be exaggerating or inhibiting some behavioral potential built-in that we posses, which under certain other circumstances could may have adaptive function (Corner, Hull, & Hull, 2007) There are several risk factors that can make one to develop obsessive compulsive disorder. Risk factor is anything, which can increase chance of a person to eventually develop certain illness.

These factors include person’s gender, age, family history, type of environment one has grown in, type of behavior one has engaged in, and also personal experience (Valente, 2002). Late adolescence is the age at which people have greatest risk to develop OCD. Once one has reached the age of early adulthood, the risk for one to develop this disorder keep on keep on dropping as the age continue to rise. When we consider gender to be a risk factor for developing OCD, it varies with age of a person. The risk for males to develop OCD is greater in their childhood (Valente, 2002).

During onset of the puberty stage, risk for both females and males to develop OCD is almost the same. Women and men may exhibit symptoms which are different, however; the males are much likely to have or complain about obsessions which may be related to sexuality, symmetry and exactness, and on the other hand women are much likely to have or complain about compulsions and obsessions related to cleaning and contamination. Furthermore, genes determine about fifty percent for a person to have risk of developing OCD (Corner, Hull, & Hull, 2007).

A person who has family members with such disorder is much likely to develop it. The closer such people are to one’s immediate family, the greater the risk of one developing this disorder. Families can also shape one’s behavior in other ways than through the genes. For instance, many ways which people use so as to cope with stress are usually learned through their families (Valente, 2002). Due to that, a family can pass on ways which are poor for dealing away with stress and thus increase likelihood of a person to develop OCD.

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