Nutrition is a term used to refer to nourishment or food required to keep humans growing healthy and viable. On the other hand, obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fats. This accumulation can be up to 20% or more than the ideal body weight of an individual. It results when there is imbalance between intake of energy and energy expenditure. Generally, obesity is linked with increased possibility of disability, disease or death.
On the same note, exercise refers to any planned, structured and repetitive physical activity utilized for the purpose of improving health and maintaining fitness (Goldstein, 1999). The objective of this paper is to highlight the correlation between nutrition, exercise and obesity. Obesity is a compound problem that leads to development of other health related conditions such as coronary heart disease, high blood pressure as well as stroke (Bray & Bouchard, 2004). The prime modifiable causes of obesity are physical inactivity and poor nutrition.
For many individuals, it is caused by eating too much fatty and sugary foods as well as exercising less. Genes and body metabolism can increase the risk of the obesity but it is majorly an issue of proper nutrition and physical exercise. In order to achieve positive results in prevention of obesity, an all-round approach is essential. The best strategy to realize this is to regulate energy balance in human populations through regular physical exercise and good nutrition in order to reduce body fat and loose weight.
Loss of weight in obese people improves health (Akande, Wyk & Osagie, 2000). The low level of exercise demanded by modern life has created a condition that has made dietary intake a more prominent component of obesity risk than it was before. Many people engage themselves in buying and snacking of low nutritional value foods (Foreyt, 2010). It is therefore of significance to maintain a gentle awareness of food choices. Regular and high consumption fast foods go hand-in-hand with obesity. The main problem with fast foods is that a meal can contain high amounts of calories.
It is also full of sugars and sodium which incresese lack of nutrients and high fat content. High fructose corn syrup is also a major contributor of increased caloric content. Intake of soft drink is directly proportional to increased energy intake as well as body weight. According to Collins, consumption of high-fat and refined sugar foods without enough fibers interferes with food and energy metabolism in the body causing storage of excessive fats (2007). A good diet includes high intake of vegetables and fruits.
It does not necessarily require individuals to give up the foods that they like best. It is simply learning to balance food choices by eating right amounts of different types food from all levels. Additionally, many colors and textures of foods give a better range of nutrients. The combination of less-calorie diet and increased physical exercise produces best results than engaging in proper nutrition alone (Foreyt, 2010). It is important to acquire knowledge of the benefits that come with regular physical exercise.
As observed by Goldstein, exercise has many health benefits such as maintenance of basal metabolic rate, increased physical activity, effect on food intake and appetite as well as enhanced psychological effects. Obesity shows many of the health consequences of inactivity and the benefits of physical exercise are immense (Goldstein, 1999). Regular non-strenuous physical exercise is an important means of preventing the disease in people of all ages. It is evidenced that obesity is related more to inactivity or less activity than ingestion.