Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is described as anxiety disorder normally characterized by repetitive unwanted thoughts, uncontrollable, and ritualized behaviors, which the victim may be compelled so as to perform them (Valente, 2002). A person suffering from OCD may recognize that he/she may be having compulsive behaviors or obsessive thoughts which are irrational. It is one among the several psychological disorders, which can complicate one’s life and also which are hard to treat or diagnose. Obsessions are those involuntary, uncontrollable thoughts, impulses or images that occur in one’s minds.
Compulsions on the other hand are rituals or behaviors that one feels driven or forced to act out repeatedly (Valente, 2002). In this research paper I discuss Obsessive Compulsive disorder. It is a disorder that has affected a number of people and therefore it is important to have enough knowledge about it and also understand means by which it can be diagnose and treated or managed. The paper will also touch on the difficulties and costs associated with this disorder. Obsessive compulsive disorder has several costs which can be associated with it to the person suffering from it as well as to the society.
Most people with obsessive compulsive disorder fall in any of the following groups; the first group is the washers who tend to be afraid of or fearing contamination. These people in this group usually have hand-washing or cleaning compulsions (Rachman, & Silva, 2004). This may be cost a person since he may be spending a lot of time washing hand in fear of contaminating himself or other people. The time spend by an individual cleaning or washing may be spend in doing other useful activities such as socializing, sports or even other useful businesses.
The second group is known as checkers. These people keep on repeatedly looking at things, which they associate with danger or harm (MedlinePlus, 2010). One may keep on checking whether he or she has locked the door or even whether the oven has been turned off. This may be costly for such individuals since it may take time for him/her to be sure he or she has done what is necessary. It may also make one to incur costs to travel from a long distance to ensure the office has been well closed.
The third group is known as sinners or doubter who is usually afraid of doing any thing imperfectly because fear of punishment, which may follow or even bad thing, which may arise. Because of that, this people may find themselves wasting a lot of time doing one thing, which may be unbeneficial instead utilizing their time to produce other things which may be profitable or beneficial to them (Rachman, & Silva, 2004). One may even spend more time doing unnecessary things such as cleaning or washing and thus waste time, which he she could have used to do other important things.
The fourth categories of people who have this disorder are called arrangers and counters. These people are obsessed with symmetry or order (Coschug-Toates, & Toates, 2002). Furthermore, they may be having superstitions about various colors, numbers or even arrangements. These people may spend most of their time ordering, arranging things, and evening out just to make sure that every thing is right. These people may be also over superstitious on anything unlucky arising to them. They may spend a lot of their time just praying or even engaging themselves in rituals which may be triggered by religious fear.