Population Health

The objective of this paper is to conduct a literature review and apply the population health knowledge and principles to professional practice through the development of an understanding of key influences on the health of the population and strategies to help influence health outcomes for individuals and communities. The literature review would focus and critique on manual handling injuries in nursing and the impact it has on the health of the population and strategies to influence health outcomes for individuals and communities.

Few studies of manual handling injuries in nursing have been critiqued and reviewed. Key learning outcomes that will be assessed are: • Discuss Health and illness from a population perspective. • Utilize bio-statistical and epidemiological methodologies in population health research. • Understand the interdisciplinary, inter-sectoral and global imperatives for health. • What is the relationship between behavior and health outcome. This paper would also demonstrate how existing population health is applied to mental health, which pertains to manual handling injuries in nursing.

Evidence based recommendations would be provided to suggest changes in area of practice relating to manual handling injuries in nursing applying to mental health. Literature review The definition of Manual handling includes the supporting and transporting the load by hand or by any other part of the body. Various activities included as part of the manual handling are lowering, pulling, lifting, intentional throw and carrying of load.

Nursing care has manual handling as its integral part. A 2003 survey of national audit office found that approximately 80,000 nurses suffer back injuries every year due to manual handling (National Audit office, 2003). The need of preventing manual handling has become the primary concern of the top health officials of the country. NHS staff is more expected to sustain back injury and pain than any other industry, as mentioned by health and safety executive. Cox et al.

(2000), provide the objective of risk assessment in nursing occupation. As per them, the risk assessment is conducted to identify the relation between the health outcomes and the hazards, in order to evaluate the risk to the health from the associated hazards. The assessment of the risk to human health is the method which identifies the likelihood and the nature of negative effects on human health from the direct or indirect exposure from single or multiple stressors (WHO, 2005)

A 1998 study, by L M Rodgers, on the EROMG (Early retirement on Medical grounds) employees of Eastern Health and social services board, Northern Ireland, revealed few major health reasons for the larger percentage of population. It was found that mental disorders, circulatory and musculoskeletal disorders were most common across the groups, almost contributing to the 75% of the group. The assessment was conducted on 353 women and 181 men, who had served in occupational health services in permanent capacity and were found to be eligible for early retirement on medical grounds.

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