Generally, the objective of using medications in treatment of OCD is to successfully manage signs as well as symptoms associated with OCD and reducing them as much as possible using the possible lowest dosage. As Tennem (2005) explains, which kind of medication is most effective for a person depends on the particular situation of a person. It could take a number of weeks or even months after stating the medication to register any kind of improvement in a person. When treating OCD, it is not uncommon to try using various types of medications before establishing the one that best works in controlling the symptoms in a person.
At the same time, the doctor also could recommend using a combination of medication, for instance, using antidepressants together with antipsychotic medications, so that they could be more effective in management of the OCD. A person on medication should not stop taking the medication even if they seem not to work before consulting with his/her doctor. Neither should he/she stop taking the medication even if he/she feels well, unless advised to do so by the doctor. In addition, some medications require to be tapered off slowly instead of being stooped suddenly, so as to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Side effects from medications
All medications used in treatment of OCD are known to have various side effects as well as potential health risks. The person taking the medications should be able to talk to his/her about the side effects as well as any other health issue worth monitoring when on medication, particularly on antipsychotic medications. A number of medications could result in dangerous interactions when combined with others or with food. The person should therefore tell the doctor about the medications as well as any other substances the person takes such as minerals, herbal supplements or even vitamins. Other treatments available
At times, medications as well as psychotherapy treatment are not adequate enough in managing OCD ( Kidshealth, 2008). In such cases other types of treatment options are available and they could be tried on the person. These options include: • Psychiatric hospitalization • Residential treatment • Deep brain stimulation • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) • Transcranial magnetic stimulation Since the above treatments options have not been comprehensively tested for treatment of OCD; it is important that the person clearly understands both the cost and benefits of using them as well as the potential health risks involved.
Prevention At the moment, there are no known certain way that can be used to prevent OCD. Nonetheless, going for treatment as soon as you notice OCD could assist in preventing OCD from getting worse. Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be summarized that, OCD is mental disorder that is causes intrusive thought or obsessions resulting in compulsive actions such so as to reduce the anxiety caused by these thoughts. It is not clear what causes OCD, but scientists attribute it to biological and psychological factors, although they differ on the extent of each factor.
It is important that a person suffering from OCD seeks medical help as soon as possible in order to increase the chance of controlling the OCD and preventing it from getting worse. The two common treatment options are behavioral therapy and medications, however, combining the two as been known to be more effective. Unfortunately there is known preventive medication that can be used, people are only advised to stay away from risk behaviors. Reference: Aardema, F and O’Connor, D (2007): The menace within: obsessions and the self: International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 21, 181-197.
Blanco C, Olfson M, Stein D, Simpson H, Gameroff M and Narrow W (2006): Treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder by U. S. psychiatrists; Journal Clin Psychiatry, 67(6):946-50 Freeston, M. and Ladouceur, R (2003): What do patients do with their obsessive thoughts? Journal of Behavior Research and Therapy; 35, p, 335-342. Kidshealth (2008): Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Casuses and treatments: Available at: www. kidsheatlh. org/kid/feeling/motion/ocd. html; Accessed on 18/4/2009