The study includes the distribution of questionnaires to the children as the respondents as well as to the parents to be able to gather the information needed to determine the association of sleep duration and occurrence of obesity in children. Gathering of information will also be limited due to the number of available respondents in the institution since the results will depend on the assessment of the questionnaires provided. However, other factors that may show effects on the occurrence of obesity in children will also be considered to be able to determine the reasons behind the increasing public heath concern towards obesity.
Assumption: According to the researches, it is more likely that the occurrence of obesity can be associated with the sleep duration especially in children. Researches found out that children who has inadequate sleep, tends to consume more foods as compared with those who have proper sleep. Since children who has inadequate sleep can be prone to poor performance and tiredness, the tendency is that they will focus themselves in eating more to overcome the stress of lack of sleep.
Due to this, lack of sleep could increase the consumption of foods in children as their other way of gaining their energy to fit themselves with their daily activities. Children, even adolescents who has lack of sleep consumes more energy-rich foods in order to maintain their energy until then, they will get used in having this kind of unhealthy lifestyle. According to the study of Cappuccio et. al. , in 2008, where they performed a systematic research of publications to asses the duration of sleep, BMI, age and gender of the participants.
The result of their study showed a consistent increased risk of obesity amongst short sleepers in children and adults. In addition to this, sleep alters both sides of the energy balance equation and its effect should be considered seriously, as even small changes in the energy balance are beneficial (Taheri, 2006). Based on the study of Taheri in 2006, where in she stated the accelerated increase in overweight and obesity in children, tracking childhood obesity into adulthood.
The precise physiological functions of sleep are unknown but the contribution of sleep to physical and psychological health and its social and economic significance, is increasingly recognized. Due to this, it is therefore assumed how sleep greatly affects the life of the children. Good sleep could be part of the obesity prevention approach (Taheri, 2006) and this lead to the assumption that sleep duration not just associated with obesity but it is one of the factors that may lead neither to prevention nor risk factor in the occurrence of obesity in children.
References Cappuccio, F. P. , Taggart, F. M. , Kandala, N. B. , Currie, A. , Peile, E. , Stranges, S. , Miller, M. A. ,Meta-Analysis of short sleep duration and obesity in children and adults. Pub Med Central: Sleep, 2008. 31(5): 619-626. http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC2398753/ Emedicinehealth:Obesity in children. Retrieved on April 6, 2010. http://www. emedicinehealth. com/obesity_in_children/page2_em. htm#Obesity%20in%20Children%20Causes Hui, L. , Nelson, E. , Yu, L. , Li, A. , & Fok, T. (2003).
Risk factors for childhood overweight in 6- to 7-y-old Hong Kong children. International Journal Of Obesity And Related Metabolic Disorders: Journal Of The International Association For The Study Of Obesity, 27(11), 1411-1418. Retrieved from MEDLINE database. Taheri, S. The link between short sleep duration and obesity: we should recommend more sleep to prevent obesity. Archives of Disease in Childhood,2006. 91:881-884. http://adc. bmj. com/content/91/11/881. extract.