The Canadian public health care system has had a lot of controversy from opponents who question its efficiency in delivering treatments in a timely fashion. However, proponents argue that privatization might lead to health care being only affordable to the rich and point out to the fact that Canada has the highest life expectancy among the developed nations. Canadian Health Structure and Finance Delivery System The Canadian health care system is structured in a way that it is able to provide coverage to all Canadian citizens through socialized health insurance plans.
The system is funded and administered on a provincial level but the federal government sets the guidelines. Canadian citizens are able to get preventative and medical care from their primary care physicians, hospitals and dentists. There is coverage for most Canadians regardless of their pre-existing conditions or income except for a few. Canada is able to pay for its healthcare costs through taxation from personal income, sales tax, lottery and corporate income taxes. Health care in Canada is funded at both the provincial and federal levels.
Some provinces such as Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta charge more premiums to supplement their health budget. The Demographics, Economy and the Cost of Healthcare in Canada In 2004, Canada’s population reached 31. 9 million and has grown at a rate of about 3% or 925,000 people. Canada’s rate of fertility is low compared to other developed nations. In 2001, a newborn Canadian had a life expectancy of 79. 6 years and for Canadians aged 65; their life expectancy was an additional 19 years.
The Canadian economy is one that relies on supplying agricultural goods. Canada prairies produce wheat and other grains. Canada has vast deposits of natural gas and oil and is also the biggest producer of zinc, uranium, gold, nickel, lead and aluminum. Canada’s economy experienced solid growth between 1993 and 2007, however it went into severe recession in 2008 and it recorded its first ever fiscal deficit in 2009. The banks emerged stronger from the global economic crisis because of Canada’s conservative lending practices.
The service sector which include retail, communication, real estate, financial services, health, entertainment, technology, tourism and education contribute about two thirds of the Canadian GDP. Manufacturing also plays a big role especially in the auto industry. The GDP devoted to agriculture has declined in years but Canada still remains one of the biggest agricultural exporters. The Canadian government spends $ 2,120 a year on a person on healthcare, 16. 7% on health expenditures. In 2003, it also made investments to improve the Canadian Health care system.
The government allocated $ 34 billion over five years to aid in improving health care. The 2009 health care costs were $ 183billion which ate up almost 40% of the provincial budgets. Spending has been rising at a rate of 6 % a year which has added C$ 41. 3 billion to the federal government spending for the next 10 years. Some provinces are complaining that at the current rate, the budget will be unsustainable. Ontario for example states that at the current rate, in 12 years, health care will be eating up 70% of its budget.