The Nurse Reinvestment Act was passed by U. S Congress on the 22nd of July, 2002 before the then President George Bush signed it into law on August 1 of the same year (Andrews, 2004). The aim of the Act was to address rising shortages of nurses since the existent nursing workforce was aging; and there were problems with retention on account of stressful working environment and increasing difficulty in recruiting young people into the nursing profession (Andrews, 2004).
The Nurse Reinvestment Act, through its 20 million dollar budget, has succeeded in providing educational scholarships to willing students in exchange for their commitment to serving the people either in public or private non-profit healthcare institutions where critical shortage of nurses exists (AACN, 2005). In addition, it has established nurse retention, therefore improving the delivery of nursing aid to patients in the nation.
For nursing students who were unable to pursue their nursing programs on a full-time basis hence complete their degrees in time due to lack of funds, the Act establishes a loan cancelation program where aid recipients have a set amount of loans cancelled in exchange for their spending a specified time period in a faculty position at a nursing school, aiding in the training of new nurses (AACN, 2005). In terms of reducing the deficit of nurses within the American healthcare system, the Nurse Reinvestment Act has made health services expensive to the American people (Elwood, 2007).
American Federal deficits have been on the increase on account of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and this coupled with the just ending economic recession means that the costs of the Act will have to be channeled to the taxpayer. Health services will thus be rendered more expensive as the government tries to reclaim expenditure on the Act by overcharging patients to public healthcare institutions (Elwood, 2007).
American Association of Colleges of Nursing, AACN. (2005). Nurse Reinvestment Act at a Glance. Webpage Retrieved on 04/05/2010 from http://www. aacn. nche. edu/media/nraataglance. htm Andrews, D. (2004). “The nurse reinvestment act: The impact of governmental and non- governmental administrative tools” Journal of Professional Nursing Vol. 20(4) pp. 260-269. Elwood, T. W. (2007). “The Future of Health Care in the United States. ” Journal of Allied Health, Vol. 36