Treatment and drugs

Sometimes it is difficulty to treat OCD, and the treatment offered may not be able to cure the disorder. At times, the patient may require taking the treatment for the rest of his/her life. Nonetheless, OCD treatment could assist a patient to manage the symptoms associated with the disorder in a way that he/she can be able to continue with his/her normal life (Blanco, et al, 2006). Main treatment used in OCD Blanco, et al (2006) point out that, there are two main treatment options used in treating OCD, these are: Psychotherapy and medications.

Which treatment option is best for a person with OCD, depends on the individual situation as well as preferences of that individual. Usually, treatment is most successful when both options are combined together. Psychotherapy treatment In psychotherapy, the most used type is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which has been identified to be a lot more effective way of therapy for treating OCD, this therapy work both in children as well as adults. CBT entails retraining the patient’s thought patterns as well as habits so that compulsives behaviors do not occur. One CBT method mainly used is referred to as exposure and response prevention.

This behavior therapy entails progressively exposing the person to a feared item or obsession, for example dirt as the person is thought healthy methods to cope with his/her anxiety and fears. Learning the methods and new thought patterns requires a lot of efforts as well as practice. However, the person could have a better lifestyle the moment he/she learns how to control the obsessions as well as compulsions that he/she suffers. As Blanco, et al. (2006) assert, this therapy may the carried out by the individual alone, or with family involvement or in a group. Medications used for OCD

According to Blanco, et al. (2006) there is also specific psychiatric medications that can be used to assist in management of OCD. In most cases, antidepressants are the ones that are used first. Antidepressant could be helpful in management of OCD since they work by increasing the amount of serotonin that could be insufficient when a person suffers from OCD. The Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of five types of antidepressants, which works as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) these include: • Clomipramine (Anafranil) • Fluvoxamine • Fluoxetine (Prozac) • Paroxetine (Praxil)

• Sertraline (Zoloft) (Blanco, et al. 2006) These SSRIs medications work by preventing extra serotonin from being taken back into the initial neuron that had released the serotonin. Rather, the serotonin can later attach to the receptor sites of close by neurons and the send a chemical message that could assist in controlling the excessive anxiety as well as obsessive thoughts suffered by the person. In various treatment-resistant incidences, combining clomoipramine with an SSRI medication has been shown to be more effective even in cases where neither medication was showing effectiveness alone.

Use of Benzodiazepines It is common for some doctors to prescribe the benzodiazepines for treatment OCD particularly in the course of latency period for SSRIs. Though, benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed, there have not shown any effectiveness in treatment of OCD, instead they could be habit-forming among those people who have a history of drug abuse (Blanco, et al. 2006). Nonetheless, various other antidepressants as well as other psychiatric medications available on the market might be as well may be used in treatment of OCD.

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